Words having prefix “any” are known as Any words. You can use prefix any to form new words having totally different meanings. Any words are one-word form (Any-word).
As we learned in the previous lesson that the general difference between some words and any words is that ‘some words’ are used for positive while ‘any words’ are used for negative statements and questions. When we are using ‘any’ in questions, it means we are not limiting the choice.
Whereas when we use some in questions, that means we are limiting the choice to maybe 2 or 3.
We can combine any and some with different words to form compound words like anything, something, anyone, anybody, somebody, etc. There can be many words having prefix any. Some of them are discussed below.
Anyone means any person at all. We use anyone/ anybody to talk about people in general. ‘Anyone’ and ‘anybody’ are interchangeable, but ‘anybody’ is more common in spoken English. When we use ‘anyone’, we refer to a whole group of people instead of some specific person.
‘Anyone’ and ‘anybody’ are singular terms. Both are commonly used in negatives and questions.
Note: don’t confuse yourself with ‘Any-one’. Any-one means any single member of the group. It is a two-word form. The difference between ‘Anyone’ and ‘any one’ is that ‘Anyone’ refers to any person from the group, and ‘any one’ refers to any one person from the group.
Anywhere is another kind of word having prefix any. Anywhere means in, at, or to any place. It can also mean to any extent or degree. It can also refer to some limits. You can also use anywhere to refer to some direction.
Anywhere is most commonly used in negative statements and questions. Anywhere means to all possible locations and somewhere means to some unknown specific location.
The word ‘anything’ itself shows its meaning. ‘Anything’ means a thing of any kind to be it any object, any matter, etc. likewise, anywhere, the word ‘anything’ can be used in many contexts. ‘Anything’ can be used to refer to some extent or degree. It can be used to show someone of importance. ‘Anything’ as a pronoun means in any way.
Many idioms are consisting of ‘anything’ like anything but, like anything, anything goes, etc. We usually use ‘anything’ to talk about things that have a chance of occurrence.
We also use anything to talk about a thing of a particular kind.
Likewise other any words, ‘anything’ is also commonly used In questions and negative statements.
Anyway means in any case or anyhow. ‘Anyway’ means nonetheless or regardless of anything.
We use ‘anyway’ to put an end to a conversation. We often use It to put a remark to something that we just said, which makes the previous statement weak or less critical. But when we use ‘anyway’ at that start of a sentence, that means this statement supports the last statement.
Note: you don’t need to confuse yourself with two-word form ‘any-way.’ ‘Any-way’ means in any manner or by any means. There is a massive difference between ‘anyway’ and any-way, both have a different meaning.
‘Anyhow’ and ‘anyway’ commonly have the same meanings. ‘Anyhow’ means in any manner or in ‘anyway’. It is used to support a previous statement. ‘Anyway’ and ‘anyhow’ are interchangeable when used as conjunctive adverbs.
But if you use anyhow as an adverb, it has a different meaning than anyway. It means something is done carelessly.
There are many words having prefixes any. We have learned a few of them, which are used commonly. There isn’t much difference between a few of them. Like anyhow and anyway are interchangeable. Whereas anyways is an informal version of anyway. You can use any of them you like.
Choose the correct option: